Gray Stats RR MH370 Prize Earliest Timeline Brief AGM Essay Unplanned Impact Student Membership Twitter 40 years of History Membership News Meetings Horizon In Our Time Selections

Thursday 11 September – Friday 12 September 2014.

Mercure Parkside House, Newport Road, Woughton on the Green, Milton Keynes MK6 3LR

There is no charge for the meeting but places are limited so registration is essential.

Registration, which is via the conference website, closes on 20 August.

If the meeting is over-subscribed, preference will be given to younger scholars.

Summary Programme Detailed Programme

**BSHM–Gresham College Joint Meeting.**

** TICKETS NOW AVAILABLE**

"History of Statistics"

4 pm at Barnard’s Inn Hall, Thursday, 30th October 2014.

- Professor Emerita, Lynn McDonald, University of Guelph
- Professor R.A. Bailey, University of St Andrews and Queen Mary London
- Dr Eileen Magnello, University College London

Professor McDonald will discuss Florence Nightingale and her Crimean War Statistics: Lessons for hospital safety, public administration and nursing.

Professor Bailey will then consider Some history of Latin squares in experiments.

There will be a Reception at 5.30pm, after which Dr Eileen Magnello will present the annual Gresham-BSHM lecture, on Karl Pearson’s Gresham Lectures on Geometry (1890-1894).

Ends at 7pm

RESERVATIONS REQUIRED via the Gresham website Book your ticket here.

One man/woman shows touring primary schools presenting Welsh history with fun and excitement.

**"In Character"** is a new company based in Cardiff which provides dramatic costumed performances based on characters from Welsh history.

A one hour show based on **Robert Recorde ** is one of the shows that can be booked by a school.

In this humorous show the pupils will assist **Robert** with visual and interactive mathematical problems using various methods and strategies.

As the problems are solved they will learn more about this fascinating Welshman and his incredible legacy which forms part of our everyday lives.

Each of the shows has been specifically devised to provide a fun-filled hour of learning and entertainment for children at key stage 2, where they are given opportunities to participate.

Each show is available in either Welsh or English.
Further details.

MH370 Malaysia plane: How maths helped find an earlier crash

Statisticians helped locate an Air France plane in 2011 which was missing for two years.

Could mathematical techniques inspired by an 18th Century Presbyterian minister be used to locate the mysterious disappearance of Malaysia Airlines Flight MH370?

BBC News Story

The British Society for the History of Mathematics (BSHM) has announced the winner of the 2013 Neumann Prize. This prize, named after Oxford mathematician and past BSHM President Dr Peter Neumann, OBE, is awarded every two years for the best mathematics book containing historical material and aimed at a non-specialist readership.

The 2013 winner is Jacqueline Stedall, of Oxford University, for her book *The History of Mathematics: A Very Short Introduction *(Oxford, 2012). The nominating committee praised the book as ‘stimulating, very well written, and very suitable for the ‘general reader’, also containing many new and perceptive remarks about how to approach the subject'. The award was made at a joint BSHM–Gresham College meeting on 31 October.

Two further books received special mention: Ian Stewart’s *17 Equations that Changed the World* (Profile) and Glen Van Brummelen’s *Heavenly Mathematics* (Princeton).

Some highlights:

**20,000 BC: Arithmetic.**The invention of arithmetic provides a way to abstractly compute numbers of objects.-
**2500 BC: Sumerian Calendar.**The first known calendar system is established, rounding the lunar month to 30 days to create a 360-day year. -
**1800 BC: Babylonian Census.**The Babylonian census begins the practice of systematically counting and recording people and commodities for taxation and other purposes. -
**1700 BC: Babylonian Mathematical Tables.**Babylonians make tables of multiplication, reciprocals, squares, cubes, and square and cube roots. -
**1150 BC: Egyptian Maps.**The Turin Papyrus is the first known topographic map. -
**300 BC: Euclid.**Euclid writes his Elements, systematically presenting theorems of geometry and arithmetic. -
**150: Ptolemy.**Ptolemy's Almagest introduces epicycles to describe the detailed motion of planets. -
**825: Hindu-Arabic Numerals.**Decimal place-value notation from India appears in Persian mathematician al-Khwarizmi's book on mathematical algorithms. -
**1614: John Napier.**John Napier publishes the first tables of logarithms. -
**1687: Isaac Newton.**Newton introduces the idea that mathematical rules can be used to systematically compute the behavior of systems in nature. -
**1801: Joseph Marie Jacquard.**The Jacquard loom weaves patterns specified by punched cards. -
**1872: Lord Kelvin.**Lord Kelvin creates an analog computer for predicting ocean tides. -
**1890: Herman Hollerith.**Hollerith puts all the data from the US Census onto punched cards, which can then be tabulated automatically. The company he started is an ancestor of IBM. -
**1900: National Physical Laboratory; National Bureau of Standards.**NPL in the UK and NBS in the US are founded to make measurements and standards using methods from physics. -
**1936: Alan Turing.**Turing shows that any reasonable computation can be done by programming a fixed universal machine—and then speculated that such a machine could emulate the brain. -
**1940s: Digital Computers.**The arrival of digital electronic computers provides the mechanism by which computations of all kinds can be automated with increasing efficiency. -
**1953: DNA Structure.**James Watson and Francis Crick discover that DNA contains a digital genetic code. -
**1964: Abramowitz and Stegun.**The National Bureau of Standards (now NIST) publishes tables and properties of many higher mathematical functions. -
**2000: Sloan Digital Sky Survey.**The Sloan Digital Sky Survey spends nearly a decade automatically mapping visible objects in the astronomical universe.

** A Brief History of Mathematics - ten 15-minute BBC radio broadcasts still available from the BBC website.**

Professor Marcus du Sautoy argues that mathematics is the driving force behind modern science.

Ten fifteen minute programmes that reveal the personalities behind the calculations from Newton to the present day.

How do these masters of abstraction find a role in the real world?

- 01. Newton and Leibniz
- The battle over the calculus.

How the great hero of British science is rather less gentlemanly than his German rival.

An astronaut and investment analyst pay homage to the enormous power of the calculus. - 02. Leonard Euler
- The man who calculated as other men breathe.

The mathematical omnivore without whom no history of mathematics is complete.

- 03. Joseph Fourier
- The life and mathematics of this Napoleonic soldier.

With contributions from musician Brian Eno who loves Fourier's analysis and uses it to create sounds that have never been heard before. - 04. Evariste Galois
- An angry, young genius who did his best maths in prison and died in a duel, aged 20.
- 05. Carl Friedrich Gauss
- The 19th century mathematical celebrity.

How a study of asteroids led Gauss to describe the normal distribution.

With contributions from Chairman for the Commission for Racial Equality Trevor Phillips, who believes statistics are the most powerful weapon we have for fighting prejudice.

- 06. The Mathematicians who helped Einstein
- Seeing in four dimensions.

The pioneers who pushed mathematics into new dimensions and the strange new geometries they created.

Emeritus Professor Roger Penrose confirms that even Einstein sometimes struggled with his maths.

- 07. Georg Cantor
- Seeing in four dimensions.

The troubled life of this radical mathematician who shocked his colleagues by proving there's more than one infinity.

With contributions from Emeritus Professor of Mathematics Roger Penrose.

- 08. Henri Poincare
- An embarassing error and the mathematics of chaos.

How a mistake in Poincare's working led him to an astonishing conclusion: some mathematical problems don't have a reliable solution.

- 09. Hardy and Ramanujan
- A mathematical romance.

How a passion for prime numbers united a Cambridge professor and an unknown Indian clerk.

- 10. Nicolas Bourbaki
- The mathematician that never was.

The life and mathematics of an elusive hero.

The collected works of Bourbaki represents one of the most ambitious enterprises in mathematical history: an attempt to unify shapes and numbers into single discipline.

- Subscription renewal. The membership year runs from 1 January to 31 December, so subscription renewal before 1 January is appreciated!
- Do we have your newest e-mail address? (Or
*any*e-mail address?) - On-line access to Bulletin volumes 1 to 21 now available to members!

PODCASTS & DOWNLOADS of all these are available from the BBC website

Peter Rowlett is the BSHM expert on **"the unplanned impact of mathematics"** - mathematics impacting beyond the imaginings of the originator!

After an article in Nature in 2011 by BSHM members, Peter is running a series of short follow up articles in Mathematics Today and is looking for contributors.

Here are some of the preprints:

From Entscheidungsproblem to Colossus

Theory of numbers

Green’s mathematical application to electricity, and beyond

Group Theory and Code Breaking

Bayes’ Theorem meets Cyberspace

Find out more! here

Or you can send Peter a message here

Listen to the BBC 2010 broadcast from "In Our Time": **Mathematics' Unintended Consequences **

One unplanned impact of compiling this news item was finding a wealth of "In Our Time" broadcasts pertinent to the history of mathematics.
More "In Our Time" Selections below

(We welcome new ideas and new news. klbshm@virginmedia.com ).

The BSHM Twitter account is @mathshistory. https://twitter.com/mathshistory

Each day it sends the name and biography of a mathematician who was born or died on that day.

Also, occasional news about forthcoming meetings and lectures.

More than 18,800 followers!

**BSHM/CSHPM Joint Meeting in North America 2015 **

Washington, DC, USA, 5th-8th August 2015.

More details in due course.

The British Society for the History of Mathematics is registered as a company limited by guarantee, no. 3326816, and as a charity, no. 1061229. Its registered office is c/o Andrew Thurburn & Co, 38 Tamworth Road, Croydon, Surrey CR0 1XU, UK.