A3H: 1st International Workshop on Authoring of Adaptive and Adaptable Hypermedia

in conjunction with

A3EH: 4th International Workshop on Authoring of Adaptive & Adaptable Educational Hypermedia

June 20th, 2006, Dublin, Ireland

at the

4th International Conference on Adaptive Hypermedia and Adaptive Web-Based Systems, 2006  


Dr. Alexandra Cristea - Eindhoven University of Technology, The Netherlands

Dr. Rosa M. Carro - University Autonoma of Madrid, Spain

Prof. Dr. Franca Garzotto - Politecnico di Milano



 afternoon, 2:30~, 20th of June, 2006, Theater 3


 Are there differences between A3EH authoring and A3H authoring?

18:40 – 19:40: Panelists: Vincent Wade, Peter Brusilovsky, Marcus Specht, Eric Duval (TBC), Alexandra Cristea; chair: Rosa Carro


[Program | Important Dates | Topics & Themes | Submission | Panel | Audience | Organizers | Program Committee]



This workshop follows a successful series of workshops on the same topic: A3EH@AIED’05; A3EH@AH’04; and A3EH@WBE’04.

The current workshop focuses on the issues of design, implementation and evaluation of general Adaptive and Adaptable Hypermedia, with applications in e-learning, e-government, corporate systems and e-commerce. Authoring of Adaptive Hypermedia has been long considered as secondary to adaptive hypermedia delivery. This task is not trivial at all. There exist some approaches to help authors to build adaptive-hypermedia-based systems, yet there is a strong need of high-level approaches, formalisms and tools that support and facilitate the description of reusable adaptive websites. Only recently have we noticed a shift in interest, as it became clearer that the implementation-oriented approach would forever keep adaptive hypermedia away from the ‘layman’ author. The creator of adaptive hypermedia cannot be expected to know all facets of this process, but can be reasonably trusted to be an expert in one of them. It is therefore necessary to research and establish the components of an adaptive hypermedia system from an authoring perspective, catering for the different author personas that are required. This type of research has proven to lead to a modular view on the adaptive hypermedia. One of these modules, which is most frequently used, is the User Model, also called Learner Model in the Educational field (or Student Model in ITS). Less frequent, but also emerging as an important module is the Pedagogical Model (this model has also different names in different implementations, too various to name here).  Other component models appearing can be: domain model, goal and constraints model, adaptation model. This workshop looks at how adaptive hypermedia can be created in an easier, more systematic way, based on reuse, automatization, flexible models and on emerging standards.

Therefore, important issues to discuss are, among others:

  • Are richer user models more efficient for users, and how can they be authored?
  • How to support adaptation scenarios?
  • How can we consider user cognitive styles in adaptive hypermedia (from an authoring perspective)?
  • Are there any recurring patterns that can be detected in the authoring process generally speaking?

The workshop will also lead to a better understanding and cross-dissemination of user-specific patterns extracted from existing design and authoring processes in AH. The workshop aims to attract the interest of the related research communities to the important issues of design and authoring; to discuss the current state of the art in this field; and to identify new challenges in the field. Moreover, the workshop should be seen as a platform that enables the cooperation and exchange of information between European and non-European projects, as well as feeding back in the PROLEARN network of excellence.


Major Themes

* Design patterns for adaptive hypermedia

* Authoring rich user models for adaptive/adaptable hypermedia

* Authoring pedagogic models for adaptive/adaptable educational hypermedia

* Authoring for mobile adaptive hypermedia

* Generic authoring for adaptive/adaptable hypermedia

* Authoring patterns for rich user models in adaptive/adaptable hypermedia

* Authoring Tools for rich user models in adaptive/adaptable hypermedia

* Generic authoring tools in adaptive/adaptable hypermedia

* Reusable user models and adaptation models

* Authoring personas (roles: e.g., domain author, adaptation author, etc.) for adaptive hypermedia

* Authoring adaptation languages for adaptive hypermedia

* Evaluation of authoring tools for adaptive hypermedia

* Evaluation of adaptive hypermedia design patterns

* Evaluation of adaptive hypermedia authoring patterns


Important Dates and Deadlines:

Submission deadline: March 31, 2006

Notification of acceptance or rejection: May 5, 2006

Final versions due: May 19, 2006

Workshop: June 20, 2006

Main conference: June 21-23, 2006

Earlier submission is encouraged. Please send an intention e-mail with a title and a short intentional abstract as soon as you decide to submit.



There will be paper presentation and panel discussions.

These discussions will be open to all; not only those who have papers accepted at the workshop but also any other interested parties are welcome.

After the paper presentations, the discussion based on these questions will begin. Both the presenters and the audience will be asked to contribute to the answering of these questions.


Submission categories:

Full papers: 8-10 pages

      original mature research results

Short papers: 4-6 pages

      original ongoing research


All submissions must be formatted according to Springer LNCS guidelines and submitted as informed by the A3H workshop website. All submissions will undergo a thorough reviewing and refereeing process in order to decide on acceptance.

The submissions should be in the format of Springer Lecture Notes in Computer Science (LNCS).

Please check: http://www.springer.de/comp/lncs/authors.html for instructions on how to prepare submissions.

Send your submissions to all following three emails, with subject ‘A3H submission’: 

                         a.i.cristea@tue.nl, rosa.carro@uam.es, garzotto@elet.polimi.it .

IMPORTANT: Selected papers will also be invited for a Special Issue in a selected journal!



Panel topic: “Are there differences between A3EH authoring and A3H authoring?

Panelists: Vincent Wade, Peter Brusilovsky, Marcus Specht, Eric Duval (TBC), Alexandra Cristea, more: TBA


Target Audience and Workshop Interest

The workshop is targeted at all people working towards the discovery and use of patterns, formalisms, and mechanisms that can help them to develop and author adaptive hypermedia, in the domain of education and beyond. The richer the adaptation of a hypermedia-based system is, the more complex its specification uses to be. Therefore, there is a clear need of discovering patterns and developing formalisms, mechanisms or tools to facilitate and support the task of authoring adaptive hypermedia, by performing it, in some cases, semi-automatically. The necessity of these patterns can be as a result of authoring push or AH system interfacing or ultimately open (adaptive) hypermedia or pull. This means that patterns can emerge from repetitive structures used by AH authors; alternatively, patterns can emerge from interface programs or interface languages between different adaptive hypermedia systems, or from trying to interface to the open adaptive hypermedia.

This includes researchers that are active in all these fields, as well as representatives of larger projects or networks dealing with these issues. We encourage these researchers to submit papers to the workshop on their latest results and ideas.

Moreover, the workshop is also targeted at people who are interested to hear and discuss the state of the art and the future of this important domain of adaptive hypermedia patterns and pattern-based authoring. We encourage these researchers to participate actively in the discussions for which time will be especially allocated, as well as in the other interactive parts, such as questionnaires and, if time allows it, demos.

The workshop’s main aim is to bring together researchers working or interested in the emerging fields of adaptive patterns for adaptive hypermedia authoring. We expect to extract and discuss these emerging patterns, as well as see their implementations and evaluations, smoothening the transition towards standard proposals in the field.

Participants are expected to leave with a better knowledge of the state of the art of the field, as well as to have a fruitful brain-storming session generating new ideas and opening new paths.

As this is a new field, we do not expect final results, but pointers towards some existing solutions and better approaches.

Results of the discussions and questionnaire processing will be posted after the workshop on-line on the workshop site, as is the case with the first three editions of this workshop.



Dr. Alexandra Cristea is assistant professor of Information Systems at the Eindhoven University of Technology in the Netherlands. She obtained her PhD at the University of Electro-Communications in Tokyo, Japan. She has been organizer, program committee member, panel member, Doctoral consortium member, session chair, and reviewer for Hypertext, CATE, WBE, AH, E-Learn, ED-MEDIA, ICCE, and CEC, a.o. She has been co-chair and organizer of the 1st, 2nd and 3rd International Workshop on Authoring of Adaptive and Adaptable Educational Hypermedia and is the editor of a special issue of the ETS journal on the same topic. She is associate editor of the Journal of Educational Technology & Society, and reviewer for TNN and TKDE, and invited UNESCO expert for Eastern Europe. She is member of the IEEE, IEEE Computer Science, User Modelling community. She has given invited courses and talks related to her research and projects in Italy, Greece, Romania, Finland and Japan. Dr. Cristea has published over 100 research papers at international conferences and journals. Her present research embraces (authoring of) adaptive hypermedia, intelligent systems, user modelling, and distance learning via intelligent environments. Her extended CV can be found at:  http://wwwis.win.tue.nl/~alex/HTML/info.html

Dr. Rosa M. Carro has worked in the area of adaptive hypermedia since 1997. She got her doctoral degree in Computer Science Engineering in the University Autónoma of Madrid in 2001. Her research focuses on adaptive hypermedia, adaptive e-learning systems, collaborative learning, authoring of adaptive and collaborative hypermedia, ubiquitous training and evaluation. She was a member of the research unit Mathematics and Applications of the Mathematics Department of the University of Aveiro (2001-02), where she got a post-doctoral grant to work on adaptive educational games for teaching Maths. In 2002 she got a DAAD grant to visit the group Applied Informatics - Cooperative Systems of the Department of Informatics of the Technical University of Munich, where she spent six months doing research on collaborative and adaptive web-based systems (2002-03). She has the status of User Modeling Researcher since 2003. She is a member of the IASTED Technical Committee on Education and of Spanish associations such as AIPO and ADIE. She was a member of the International Artificial Intelligence in Education (IAIED) Society during 2000. She has co-organised several workshops and invited sessions in conferences, such as “Adaptive Hypermedia and Collaborative Systems (AHCW’04)” at the “International Conference on Web Engineering 2004”, or “Adaptive Hypermedia in Education”, at the “6th World Multiconference on Systemic, Cybernetics and Informatics 2002”. She has been reviewer for several international journals and conferences, and member of the program committee/reviewer of several conferences related to her research fields.

Prof. Dr. Franca Garzotto has a Degree in Mathematics from University of Padua (Italy) and a Ph.D. in Computer Science from Politecnico di Milano, where she is currently Associate Professor of Computer Engineering at the Dept. of Electronics and Information. Since 1988, she has been active in hypertext, multimedia, web applications, focusing on design, usability, adaptive human computer interaction and participating in over 15 European research projects on these topics. She was program committee member of many editions of the ACM Hypertext conference, the ACM Multimedia Conference, ICHIM, and “Museums and the Web”. She served as co-organizer of several international workshops on hypermedia related topics and program chair of ICHIM’01 (Milan 2001 - the largest worldwide conference on ICT applications to cultural heritage). She was European chair of ACM SIG-WEB (ACM Special Interest Group on Hypermedia & Web) from 1997 to 1999.


Program Committee

 Sarabjot Singh Anand, Warwick University (UK)

 Helen Ashman, University of Nottingham (UK)

 Tim Brailsford, University of Nottingham (UK)

 Licia Calvi, University of Pavia (Italy)

 Cristina Conati, University of British Colombia (Canada)

 Declan Dagger, Trinity College Dublin (Ireland)

 Hugh Davis, Southampton University (UK)

 Serge Garlatti, GET-ENST Bretagne (France)

 Nicola Henze, University of Hannover (Germany)

 Mike Joy, Warwick University (UK)

 Judy Kay, University of Sydney (Australia)

 Kinshuk, Massey University (New Zealand)

 Toshio Okamoto, University of Electro-Communications (Japan)

 Alvaro Ortigosa, Universidad Autonoma de Madrid (Spain)

 Pedro Paredes, Universidad Autonoma de Madrid (Spain)

 Simos Retalis, University of Piraeus (Greece)

 Pilar Rodríguez, Universidad Autonoma de Madrid (Spain)

 Daniel Schwabe, PUC - Rio de Janeiro (Brazil)

 Marcus Specht, Open University (Netherlands)

 Craig Stewart, Queen Mary University of London (UK)

 Carlo Strapparava, IRST (Italy)

 Lorna Uden, Staffordshire University (UK)

 Vincent Wade, Trinity College (Ireland)

 Gerhard Weber, Freiburg University of Education (Germany)